Eduardo Paolozzi 1924-2005
Eduardo Paolozzi, Scottish-born of Italian parents, studied at Edinburgh College of Art (1942-43), and at the Slade (1944-47). He had his first one-man show (of drawings) at the Mayor Gallery in London while still a student, the proceeds of which enabled him to move to Paris, where he lived until 1949. While there he met Giacometti, Arp, Léger, Brancusi and Braque, and was influenced by the work of the Dadaists and Surrealists. His interest in popular culture was stimulated by the art brut of Jean Dubuffet.
After moving back to London in 1949 Paolozzi taught sculpture and ceramics at the Central School of Art (1949-1955), at St Martin's School of Art (1955-58), and from 1968 to 2000 at the Royal College of Art. He was a professor at the Fachhochschule in Cologne from 1977 to 1981, and also taught at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Munich.
Paolozzi's work was included in the 1952 Venice Biennale, and again in the 1960 Biennale, when he won the David E Bright Foundation award for the best sculptor under the age of 45. He had a retrospective exhibition at the Tate Gallery in 1971, and an Arts Council exhibition at the Serpentine Gallery in 1987. In 1994 Paolozzi gave a large body of his work to the Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, which has been displayed in the Dean Gallery since 1999. His public commissions include the ceramic wall murals for Tottenham Road tube station, and the bronze sculpture of Newton after Blake outside the new British Library at King's Cross. Paolozzi became a Royal Academician in 1979, was appointed Her Majesty's Sculptor in Ordinary for Scotland in 1986, and was knighted in 1989.
1942-43Edinburgh College of Art, Edinburgh
1944-47Slade College of Art, London
1960Manchester City Art Gallery, Manchester
1964MoMA, New York
1966Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh
1967Rijksmuseum Kröller-Müller, Otterlo
1968Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam
1969Städtische Kunsthalle, Düsseldorf
Württembergischer Kinstverein, Stuttgart
1971Tate Gallery, London
1974Gesellschaft, Hannover, toured to Kunstverein, Karlsruhe
1975Nationalgalerie, Berlin
1976Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle, organised by Arts Council and toured England
National Gallery of Canada, Ottawa, organised by British Council and toured Canada
1977Victoria & Albert Museum, London
1978Kasseler Kunstverein, Kassel
1979Talbot Rice Art Centre, Edinburgh
Kölnischer Kunstverein, Cologne
1983DAAD Galerie, Berlin
Aedes Galerie für Architektur und Raum, Berlin
1984The Architectural Association, London
Royal Scottish Academy, Edinburgh, toured to Germany, France and Netherlands
1986Skulpturenmuseum, Glaskasten, Marl
Royal Academy of Arts, London
1987Serpentine Gallery, London
1988National Portrait Gallery, London
1990Stadtmuseum, Munich
The Scottish Gallery, Edinburgh
1994Yorkshire Sculpture Park, West Yorkshire
1996The British Council, a touring exhibition
2004Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh
2013Pallant House, Chichester
2016Yorkshire Sculpture Park, West Yorkshire
2017Whitechapel Gallery, London
2018Berlinische Galerie, Berlin
Royal Scottish Academy of Art and Architecture, Edinburgh
2019Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh (with Andy Warhol)
The Hayward Gallery, London, a touring exhibition