Howard Hodgkin (1932-2017) was born in Hammersmith, London. After spending three years in America during the Second World War and engaging with works in the Museum of Modern Art by the likes of Henri Matisse, Édouard Vuillard, and Pierre Bonnard, he returned to Britain adamant to be an artist. Having run away from both Eton College and Bryanston School, he eventually attended Camberwell School of Arts and Crafts (1949-50) and Bath Academy of Art in Corsham (1950-54).
The emotional nature of Hodgkin's work and his distinctive abstract mark-making helped to set him apart from other movements such as Pop Art, hard abstraction and the School of London which proliferated during the 1960s. Throughout his career his highly distinctive style of painting and singular vision made him difficult to categorise, undoubtedly causing some frustration to critics and historians along the way.
His first solo exhibition was at Arthur Tooth & Sons in London in 1962. Two years later he visited India for the first time following his interest in Indian miniatures, and this was to be the start of a profound relationship with the country he would come to visit regularly throughout his life.
Having gained wide-spread recognition in the 1960s and 1970s, Hodgkin's career exploded in the 1980s. In 1984 he represented Britain at the Biennale di Venezia. His exhibition Forty Paintings reopened the Whitechapel Gallery, London, in 1985, and he won the Turner Prize the same year. He has had museum exhibitions at venues across the world including the Metropolitan Museum of Art; the Hayward Gallery, London; Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid; National Portrait Gallery, London; Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Texas; Kunstverein für die Rheinlande und Westfalen, Düsseldorf and the Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin.
Hodgkin was knighted in 1992 and made a Companion of Honour in 2003. He was awarded the Shakespeare Prize in Hamburg in 1997, and in 2014 won the first Swarovski Whitechapel Gallery Art Icon award.
1949-50Camberwell School of Art, London
1950-54Bath Academy of Art, Bath
1970Arnolfini Gallery, Bristol
1971Galerie Müller, Cologne
1976Museum of Modern Art, Oxford; Serpentine Gallery, London; Turnpike Gallery, Leigh; Laing Art Gallery, Newcastle Upon-Tune; Aberdeen Art Gallery, Aberdeen; Graves Art Gallery, Sheffield
1982Tate Gallery, London
1984British Pavilion, XLI Venice Biennale, Venice; Phillips Collection, Washington D.C.; Yale Center for British Art, New Haven; Kestner Gesellschaft, Hanover; Whitechapel Gallery, London
1985Tate Gallery, London
1990-91Musée de Beaux-Arts, Nantes; Caixa de Pensions, Barcelona; Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh; Douglas Hyde Gallery, Trinity College, Dublin
1991University Art Museum, University of California at Berkeley, Berkeley
1992The British School, Rome
1995-96Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; Modern Art Museum of Fort Worth, Fort Worth; Kunstverein für Rheinland und Westfalen, Düsseldorf
1996Hayward Gallery, London
2001Philadelphia Museum of Art, Philadelphia
Dulwich Picture Gallery, London
2002Phillips Collection, Washington D.C.
Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art, Edinburgh
2006Irish Museum of Modern Art, Dublin; Tate Britain, London; Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Madrid
2007Yale Centre for British Art, New Haven; Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge
2010Modern Art Oxford, Oxford; De Pont Museum of Contemporary Art, Tilburg; San Diego Museum of Modern Art, San Diego
Ashmolean Museum, Oxford
2011The San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego
2015The New Art Centre, Salisbury
2017The Hepworth Wakefield, Wakefield
National Portrait Gallery, London